Abstract


ATTITUDES OF UNIVERSITY INSTRUCTORS TOWARDS DISTANCE EDUCATION: A SCALE DEVELOPMENT STUDY

The attitudes of the instructors who take an active role in distance education processes towards distance education are of great importance in the development of qualified applications. In this context, the aim of the research is to develop a valid and reliable scale for measuring the attitudes of instructors towards distance education. The scale items were applied to 839 instructors during the scale development process, in which the steps of creating an item pool, taking expert opinion, conducting preliminary and main trials, factor analysis and determining reliability-stability were applied. Reliability and validity calculations of the scale were made by performing item analysis and factor analysis. In this context, the Attitude Scale towards Distance Education (ASTDE), which consists of twenty items and three factors, was developed. It is seen that the developed scale explains 47.13% of the total variance. The Cronbach Alpha value of the reliability coefficient of the scale was found to be .84. These results indicated that the attitude scale towards distance education is valid and reliable and can be used for measurin higher education instructors’attitudes towards distance education.



Keywords

Distance education, attitude scale, instructors, reliability, validity.


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