This study aims to examine mathematics anxiety by gender using the meta-analysis method. The data of the study was obtained from a total of 86 studies, including 49 articles, 37 postgraduate theses carried out in Turkey between 2003-2022 and searched in the ULAKBIILIM TR index, Google academic, Turkish education index, ASOS index, Higher Education Council Thesis Center, and Proquest Open Access databases with the keywords, which met the inclusion criteria. The "Comprehensive Meta-Analysis" software program was used to calculate the effect size obtained from the studies within the scope of meta-analysis. In the study, first of all, the Begg and Mazumdar rank correlation test and Egger Linear Regression Test findings were reviewed, then the Funnel Scatterplot was examined to understand whether there is publication bias. As a result of these analyzes, it is understood that there was no publication bias. Effect sizes were calculated by Hedges' g coefficient. As a result of the analysis, the effect sizes were calculated in the 95% confidence interval. Since the studies examined within the scope of the meta-analysis showed a heterogeneous feature [Q (sd= 94) = 124.342, p= 0.000], the effect sizes of the studies were calculated with the random effects model. According to the findings of the study, although the effect size of mathematics anxiety was insignificant in terms of gender (g=0.084), the result was in favor of females. According to this finding, it is revealed that females experienced relatively more mathematics anxiety than men. However, as a result of the moderator analysis, it was found that mathematics anxiety by gender did not differ significantly according to the sample group and publication year.


Gender, mathematics anxiety, meta-analysis